Free Access
Genet. Sel. Evol.
Volume 33, Number 1, January-February 2001
Page(s) 61 - 67
DOI: 10.1051/gse:2001109

Genet. Sel. Evol. 33 (2001) 61-67

A possible dominant white gene in Jersey cattle

Chris A. Morrisa and D. Phillip Sponenbergb

a  AgResearch, Ruakura Agricultural Research Centre, Private Bag 3123, Hamilton, New Zealand
b  Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA

(Received 20 March 2000; accepted 20 October 2000)

A white heifer ("Snow") was born in 1991 from coloured registered Jersey parents. She produced six calves sired by coloured Jersey bulls: three white bull calves, two white heifer calves, and one coloured bull calf. One of the white bull calves was mated with 40 Hereford $\times$ Friesian yearling heifers (white face, predominantly black body with some white patches). The 38 resulting calves included 16 white and 22 coloured calves. Twelve of the 16 white calves were heifers and four were bulls. Red or black spotting was recorded on some white calves. The results are consistent with an autosomal dominant mutant causing the white phenotype. The mutation appears to have arisen spontaneously in Snow, then passing to her white progeny and white grand-progeny. The white individuals varied from entirely white in a few cases, to most having some residual small areas of red or black pigmentation in patterns not typical of other reported white spotting patterns of cattle.

Key words: coat colour / cattle / genetics

Correspondence and reprints: Chris A. Morris

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2001